Must you go for Upper Pension underneath EPS?






The Govt (EPFO) has introduced a decision to choose eligible EPF/EPS subscribers to go for upper pension underneath EPS (Workers’ pension scheme).

An technique to earn the next pension throughout retirement.

Who would say “No” to such an be offering?

Neatly, there is not any loose lunch on this international. Whilst there may be an technique to earn upper pension, it comes at a value.

The query: Must you go for upper pension underneath EPS?

On this submit, let’s take a look at the next sides intimately.

  1. How a lot pension do you get underneath EPS? When does the pension get started and the way lengthy do you get it?
  2. How do you give a contribution to EPF and EPS?
  3. What’s this whole factor about upper pension? And why does this rise up?
  4. Who’s eligible?
  5. What do you get if you happen to go for upper pension? What do you lose?
  6. For those who go for upper pension, what portion of your EPF corpus shall be moved to EPS?
  7. What are the issues/drawbacks of EPS? Those drawbacks may have an effect on your resolution.
  8. Must you go for upper pension underneath EPS? Or will have to you persist with the established order?

Mentioned this matter in a Twitter thread too.

How a lot pension do you get underneath EPS?

Per 30 days Pension = (Pensionable wage X Pensionable carrier)/70

Pensionable wage = Reasonable of ultimate 60 months of base wage (previous it was once ultimate three hundred and sixty five days wage). The pensionable wage is now capped at Rs 15,000. Then again, there’s a manner for outdated workers (who joined staff sooner than September 1, 2014) to get round this cover and earn pension on precise base wage. And that is the supply of all of the dispute that we will be able to talk about on this submit.

Pensionable carrier = No. of years of contribution to EPS

I’ve learn in lots of puts that the pensionable carrier is capped at 35 years for the aim of pension calculation. Then again, I may just no longer in finding the supporting clause within the EPS Act. If the sort of cap is certainly there, it will waft from some other algorithm/rules.

The pension begins on the age of 58. For those who go out EPS on the age of 58 and feature rendered greater than two decades of pensionable carrier, 2 years shall be added to the pensionable carrier for calculation of pension.

You’ve gotten an technique to get started pension early (however no longer sooner than the age of fifty). The pension shall be decreased through 4% for once a year of early go out. Too can defer however no longer past the age of 60.

Let’s perceive this with the assistance of a demonstration.

Your ultimate 60 months’ reasonable base wage is Rs 1 lac. And also you had been contributing as in step with precise wage (no longer as in step with salary cap of Rs 15,000)

You’ve gotten rendered 33 years of pensionable carrier. Since you might have labored for over two decades and are exiting on the age of 58, your pensionable carrier shall be 35 years.

Per 30 days pension = Rs 1 lac X 35/70 = Rs 50,000

  1. You’ll earn this pension of Rs 50,000 for lifestyles.
  2. After you, your partner will earn 25,000 (50%) till he/she is alive.
  3. After your partner, your youngsters (most 2) will earn 25% pension each and every (Rs 12,500 each and every) till they flip 25.
  4. There are a couple of different provisions taking good care of nook instances. You’ll have to take a look at the EPS Act to look how pension provisions will practice in such instances.

Word: For those who had been contributing with a salary ceiling, you’ll get pension of most effective Rs 15,000 X 35/70 = Rs 7,500.

Whilst you see the sort of method for calculating pension in an outlined get advantages scheme, you’ll sense this will also be gamed. One of these method will have had some relevance within the years long gone through however no longer now. Excellent that the Govt has plugged the loophole, no less than for the brand new participants.

By way of the way in which, how is the pension from EPS funded? It really works thru your (your employer’s) contribution to EPS.

How does contribution to EPS and EPF paintings?

You give a contribution 12% of your base wage (Fundamental + DA) to EPF each and every month.

Your employer makes an identical contribution of 12%. Then again, this 12% is invested in a special approach.

Of this 8.33% is going against EPF (Worker pension scheme). And the rest (3.67%) is going to EPF.

Then again, the wage on which EPS is calculated is capped at Rs 15,000 monthly.

Allow us to believe an instance. Allow us to say your base wage is Rs 50,000.

Your contribution to EPF = 12% * 50000 = Rs 6,000.

You don’t give a contribution to EPS.

Your employer additionally contributes Rs 6,000 for your EPS+EPF.

What’s the breakup?

Employer contribution to EPS = 8.33% X Rs 15,000 = Rs 1,250 (because the ceiling salary of Rs 15,000 will get brought on).

Employer contribution to EPF = Rs 6,000 – Rs 1,250 = Rs 4,750

The Govt additionally contributes 1.16% of your base wage to EPS matter to a salary cap of Rs 15,000 monthly.

This sounds all proper. The place is the issue?

The place is the issue?

The salary ceiling has saved converting. Earlier than the modification within the EPS scheme in 2014, the ceiling was once Rs 6,500.

Neatly, that’s additionally nice. I don’t see any drawback there.

Had the above salary ceilings concrete, the whole lot would were nice.

Then again, the EPS laws allowed workers to give a contribution over and above the salary ceiling cap. (Btw, the modification in EPS scheme in 2014 plugged this loophole and the workers becoming a member of the staff after September 1, 2014 can’t give a contribution above the ceiling cap of Rs 15,000).

However this doesn’t save you workers who had been member of EPS scheme sooner than September 1, 2014 (and nonetheless are OR retired after September 1, 2014) from contributing above the salary ceiling (Rs 5,000/Rs 6,500/ Rs 15,000). And earn a HIGHER PENSION.

And this has resulted in all of the confusion.

Word that EPS is an outlined get advantages scheme (not like NPS which is an outlined contribution)

How does this result in confusion?

There are a couple of pathways.

Case 1

In some instances, your employer caps contribution to EPF to salary ceiling of Rs 15,000 (salary ceiling has saved converting. It was once Rs 5,000 previous. Then to Rs 6,500 and now to Rs 15,000).

Therefore, even though your fundamental wage is Rs 50,000, you’ll give a contribution most effective Rs 1,800 (12% of Rs 15,000). Your employer will give a contribution 1,250 (8.33% of Rs 15,000) to EPS. And Rs 550 to EPF.

For those who belong right here, you aren’t eligible for HIGHER PENSION. Why? As a result of you might have been contributing most effective as in step with the salary cap.

Case 2

Your employer does no longer cap contribution. You give a contribution on precise wage (and no longer in line with wage cap). Precise base wage of Rs 50,000.

Your contribution to EPF = 12% X Rs 50,000 = Rs 6,000.

Your contribution to EPS is NIL.

Employer contribution to EPS = 8.33% X 50,000 = Rs 4,165

Employer contribution to EPF = 3.67% X 50,000 = Rs 1,835

You might be eligible for upper pension.

Then again, there was once a technical rule right here the place the worker and employer needed to put across this resolution to EPFO inside of positive timelines. Provision to Para 11(3) of the scheme sooner than modification in 2014.  I reproduce the supply under.

higher pension under EPS

Therefore, there have been cases the place other people had contributed extra to EPS with out explicitly pointing out this selection.

Once they reached out to EPFO for upper pension, EPFO rejected their declare for upper pension (and gave pension as in step with the ceiling cap) since the ones workers didn’t specify this feature explicitly with said timelines. And refunded extra contribution within the EPS to the EPF accounts of the workers with pastime.

Such workers challenged EPFO within the courts and gained. The Ultimate Court docket discovered the ones timelines arbitrary and dominated in favour of such workers. Eligible for upper pension. You’ll be able to examine this example about Mr. Praveen Kohli right here.

Case 3

Your employer does no longer cap contribution. You give a contribution on precise wage (and no longer in line with wage cap). Precise base wage of Rs 50,000.

Your contribution to EPF = 12% X Rs 50,000 = Rs 6,000.

Your contribution to EPS is NIL.

Employer contribution to EPS = 8.33% X 15,000 = Rs 1,250 (whilst the employer does no longer cap contribution to EPF, it caps the EPS contribution)

Employer contribution to EPF = 6,000 – Rs 1,250 = Rs 4,750

Because the EPS contribution has been made as in step with the salary cap of Rs 15,000, you may get pension most effective as in step with the salary cap. Now not upper pension.

For those who belong right here, this contemporary EPFO round dated Feb 20, 2023 will pastime you.


As a result of you might have an technique to replenish a kind and make sure that you wish to have the next pension now. Since there may be loose lunch, EPFO will switch a portion of cash (deficit contribution to EPS together with pastime from EPF to EPS). To your long term contributions additionally, you (your employer) should give a contribution extra to EPS.

So, upper pension however a decrease EPF corpus. Within the latter a part of the submit, we will be able to see learn how to overview those alternatives.

Who’s eligible for upper pension underneath EPS?

I reproduce an extract from EPFO round dated February 20, 2023.

higher pension under EPS

The round refers to eligibility for exercising this new choice for upper pension through filling up a kind.

  1. You should were a member of EPS as on September 1, 2014.  Subsequently, if you happen to set to work after September 1, 2014, you’re NOT eligible. OR if you happen to retired sooner than September 1, 2014, you’re NOT eligible for upper pension.
  2. Your (and your employer’s) contribution to EPF (as on September 1, 2014) was once at the wage that exceeded the salary ceiling cap of Rs 5,000 or Rs 6,500. Let’s say your base wage was once 25,000 and also you had been contributing on the real wage of Rs 25,000 (and no longer as in step with salary cap of Rs 15,000). You might be ELIGIBLE even though your EPS contribution was once capped however your EPF contribution was once on precise wage.

The right way to practice for Upper Pension underneath EPS?

The EPFO round lays down the process.

You should make a joint software together with your employer to EPF. As issues stand nowadays, you should practice sooner than March 3, 2023 (4 months from the Ultimate courtroom judgement).

Given the confusion surrounding this subject, I am hoping the time limit is prolonged.

Recommend you achieve out to the accounts staff of your employer for the operational main points.

Must you go for Upper pension underneath EPS?

For those who go for Upper pension, you’ll get upper pension. Chance-free. Assured for lifestyles. And that’s the greatest merit.

How prime a pension will you get?

Neatly, that will depend on your reasonable base wage within the ultimate 5 years of your paintings lifestyles (and years of pensionable carrier).

Now, you can’t resolution this query as it should be, particularly in case you are within the non-public sector the place salaries can vary greatly. If you’re running with a PSU and are nearer to retirement, you will have a less assailable grip at the resolution.

Nonetheless, take skilled guesses. How a lot increment you might have been receiving the previous few years? And with the ones assumptions, you’ll arrive on the ultimate pension quantity.

And also you evaluate that in opposition to the choices? Don’t you?

In the beginning, the upper pension comes at a value. Your EPF corpus will pass down as a good portion of your EPF corpus shall be shifted to EPS scheme. Your long term contribution to EPF may even fall since you’ll now give a contribution extra to EPF.

After retirement, you may get this corpus and you’ll make investments this cash in financial institution mounted deposits, Govt Bonds, SCSS, PMVVY and even annuity plans to generate common retirement source of revenue.

So, you should see, how a lot EPF corpus are you foregoing? And the way simple or tough it’s so that you can generate a an identical stage of source of revenue the use of this corpus? If you’ll do this simply, then handle the established order. If you can’t (the speed of go back shall be reasonably prime), then go for the next pension.

For those who go for Upper pension, what portion of EPF shall be shifted to EPS?

Within the aforementioned EPFO round dated Feb 20, 2023, EPFO has discussed, “The process of deposit and that of computation of pension will practice thru next round”.

Deposit method deposit from EPF to EPS. To be fair, it’s unfair to be expecting workers to select till EPF comes out with those calculations. Bear in mind, the Ultimate courtroom handed its judgement on November 3, 2022, and gave 4 months (till March 3, 2023) to participants (workers) to make their selection. And EPFO says on Feb 20, 2023, that they’re going to factor a next round for calculations.

Let’s do a little crude calculations and notice how a lot shall be moved from your EPS corpus.

Let’s say you set to work within the yr 2001.

Your base wage at the start was once Rs 20,000 and grew at 5% in step with annum. I’ve assumed that EPF returned 8.5% p.a. all the way through the tenure.

The salary cap was once Rs 6,500 till September 2014 and Rs 15,000 thereafter.

Whilst you had been contributing to EPF on precise wage, the contribution to EPS was once most effective as in step with cap.

Within the first yr, Base wage =20,000

Worker EPF contribution = 20,000 * 12% = Rs 2,400

Employer EPS contribution = 8.33% * 6,500 = Rs 542 (if this had been on precise wage, employer would have invested Rs 1,667)

Employer EPF contribution = Rs 2,400 – Rs 542 = Rs 1,858 (if EPS contribution had been on precise wage, this may were Rs 2,400 – Rs 1,667 = Rs 733

The deficit contribution to EPS = Rs 1,667 – Rs 542 = Rs 1,125

Now, this deficit contribution to EPS (that went to EPF) should be shifted again to the EPS scheme. And the pastime in this deficit contribution too. And this should be performed for all of your previous carrier.       

How a lot will this quantity be?

This is dependent upon the trajectory of your wage expansion. The upper your wage, the upper the deficit contribution. And the extra (in proportion phrases) you’ll have to switch from EPF to EPS.

Proportion of switch= Overall deficit contribution to EPS/Overall Contribution to EPF

On this instance, overall contribution to EPF (comprises each employer and worker) = Rs 21.63 lacs

Overall deficit contribution to EPS = Rs 6.06 lacs

Proportion of EPF to be transferred to EPS = Rs 6.06/21.63 lacs = 28%

You’ll be able to additionally evaluate the EPF corpus. Present vs the EPF corpus you may have with out EPS contribution being capped. You possibly can get the similar resolution.

I did very crude EPF calculations (no longer actual). Present corpus = ~51.66 lacs

EPF corpus after doing away with EPS cap = Rs 37.14 lacs. A distinction of 28%.

Word this distinction can be upper for the next base wage.

On this instance, if we modify the beginning base wage from Rs 20,000 to Rs 50,000, the switch proportion rises to 32%.

If beginning base wage drops to Rs 10,000, the switch proportion falls to 19.8%.

And that’s no longer it

For those who go for upper pension, your employer’s long term contribution to EPS will upward thrust and to EPF will fall. That may even decelerate the expansion of EPF corpus.

Extending the instance to pending 10 years of carrier, if you happen to go for upper pension, you may finish with Rs 1.04 crores of EPF corpus after 10 years.

Had you caught with decrease pension, you may have Rs 1.46 crores.

What’s going to be the pension?

Reasonable base wage within the ultimate 5 years = Rs 86,645

Per 30 days pension = 86,645 X 35/70 = Rs 45,798

Even though you caught with decrease pension choice (establishment), you may get pension of Rs 7,500 (Rs 15,000 X 35/70).

Distinction of Rs 41.68 lacs in EPF corpus.

Distinction in EPS pension = Rs 45,798 – Rs 7,500 = Rs 38,298

Now, for this Rs 41.68 lacs to generate source of revenue of Rs 38,298 monthly, it must generate a go back of eleven% p.a. That’s no longer simple.

Taking a look at such an research, choosing upper pension seems like a better option.

However EPS has its personal set of issues.

What are the issues with pension underneath EPS?

In the beginning, you get the overall pension till you’re alive. After you (the principle pensioner passes away) your partner will get the pension however most effective 50% of the unique quantity. And after the partner passes away, a most of two youngsters will get 25% each and every till they’re 25.

I’m imagining a morbid situation, however the circle of relatives does no longer get as a lot if you happen to (the principle pensioner) go away too quickly after retirement.

Had you caught with a decrease pension, you may have got a far larger EPF corpus at retirement. Now, this EPF corpus belongs to you. And after you, it belongs for your circle of relatives. So, this extra EPF corpus would possibly not have the ability to generate as prime source of revenue as EPS however this EPF corpus belongs to you and your circle of relatives.

Secondly, the pension will depend on the ultimate 5 years (60 months) of base wage. So, if making a decision to take a step off the accelerator whenever you pass 50 and select up a task that can pay much less, your reasonable source of revenue throughout the overall 5 years of your running lifestyles would possibly fall. And therefore the pension shall be decrease.

As an example, allow us to think your reasonable base wage between the age of 48 and 53 was once Rs 2 lacs. And the typical base wage between 53 and 58 years was once 1 lac. The pension can be calculated  for the typical wage within the ultimate 5 years i.e. Rs 1 lac. That you’re incomes extra sooner than that doesn’t subject.

Thirdly, if you wish to retire early, then your pensionable years of carrier shall be much less, and the pension will accordingly be decrease. Plus, the pension quantity does no longer get started sooner than the age of fifty. Allow us to believe an instance. You set to work on the age of 25 and labored till the age of 45. two decades of carrier. Let’s additional think that your reasonable wage within the ultimate 5 years was once Rs 1 lac. Therefore, your per 30 days pension can be Rs 1 lac X 20/ 35 = Rs 57,142.

Then again, if you wish to have this complete pension, you’ll have to wait till the age of 58. However you retired on the age of 45. There’s an technique to get started drawing previous however no longer sooner than you flip 50. The early withdrawal comes at a value. You get 4% much less for each and every yr of early withdrawal. So, if you happen to get started at 50, you’ll get 8 X 4% = 32% much less. Rs 38,857 as an alternative of Rs 57,142.

Finally (and It’s not that i am positive about this), the choice for the next pension is a joint choice exercised through you and your employer. You might be in a non-public process and feature opted for the next pension (and your present employer is pleased with this). You turn your process after a couple of years and the brand new employer has a special coverage about contributions. Caps the contribution as in step with salary ceiling. You’ll be able to ask them to make an exception for you, however this can be a headache. This risk would make me extraordinarily uncomfortable.

Word: The most recent EPS laws additionally supply for staff to give a contribution 1.16% of Fundamental wage (for the portion exceeding Rs 15,000) to EPF in the event that they wish to obtain the next pension.

opt for higher pension under EPS

In the meanwhile, the Ultimate Court docket has put this on cling. For extra in this, discuss with web page 7 of this record. Since this relates to investment of EPS pool, you’ll be expecting this to come back to you in some shape or the opposite later.

What’s the ultimate verdict?

There’s no one-size-fits-all resolution.

Going through numbers (and as we’ve got noticed above), choosing the upper pension will certainly come up with an overly prime pension. It might be tough to copy the similar stage of risk-free source of revenue out of your EPF corpus.

Then again, the upper pension comes with many ifs and buts. Many caveats. You lose flexibility.

You should weigh the upper pension in opposition to those issues in EPS.

I am getting extraordinarily uncomfortable if you are taking away flexibility from my investments. Therefore, please respect my biases in my ultimate feedback.

If you’re nearer to retirement and are pleased with all of the caveats (as discussed within the earlier phase), you’ll most probably be at an advantage through signing up for Upper pension. However take a look at the calculations sooner than taking a last name.

If you’re more youthful (35-40), connect better weight to issues/caveats/loss of flexibility in EPS.

Disclaimer: Whilst I’ve attempted my very best to know and provide an explanation for the subject intimately, there is also shortcomings in my research or my figuring out of the EPS scheme and the EPFO round.

Supply/Further Hyperlinks

Newest Workers’ Pension Scheme (EPS), 1995

EPFO round dated February 20, 2023

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